Chronic Kidney Disease And Your Heart

Woman with hands on her chest.

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and heart disease are closely intertwined as each condition amplifies the risk and progression of the other. This relationship is complex and bidirectional, with CKD patients having a strong risk of cardiovascular disease. Understanding this connection is crucial for managing both conditions and improving overall health. 

The Heart-Kidney Connection 

When kidneys don’t function well, the heart has to pump harder to circulate blood, leading to high blood pressure and potentially heart disease. CKD can lead to complications like coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death.  

Heart disease is often underdiagnosed and undertreated in CKD patients. Therefore, it’s imperative to recognize that patients with CKD are at elevated risk for developing cardiovascular disease and require additional attention and care. 

Prevention & Management 

Preventing or managing one condition can help prevent and manage the other, lowering the overall risk. Here are some strategies: 

  • Healthy Diet: Choose foods that are healthy for your heart and kidneys. This includes fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low-fat or fat-free dairy products. Limit sodium, saturated fats and cholesterol.
  • Regular Physical Activity: Regular exercise helps maintain a healthy weight and can lower blood pressure, reducing the risk of heart disease and CKD. Preferably, 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity and 2 days of muscle-strengthening activity per week.
  • Avoid Smoking: Smoking causes hardening of the arteries, leading to coronary artery disease and kidney disease.
  • Regular Check-ups: Regular health check-ups can help detect early signs of CKD and heart disease, enabling timely intervention.
  • Medication: If you have CKD or heart disease, your healthcare provider may prescribe medication to manage your condition. Always take your medication as directed. 


The link between CKD and heart disease is strong and undeniable. By understanding this connection, you can take steps to manage both conditions effectively. Remember, a healthy lifestyle is key to maintaining both heart and kidney health. Always consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice. 


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